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Skunks

Skunks are mammals best known for their ability to secrete a liquid with a strong, foul odor.Skunks belong to the family Mephitidae and to the order Carnivora.There are 10 species of skunks, which are divided into four genera: Mephitis (hooded and striped skunks, two species), Spilogale (spotted skunks, two species), Mydaus (stink badgers, two species), and Conepatus (hog-nosed skunks, four species). The two skunk species in the Mydaus genus inhabit Indonesia and the Philippines; all other skunks inhabit the Americas from Canada to central South America.

Identification

  • English( scientific ) Name : - Mephitidae
  • General appearance varies from species to species, from black-and-white to brown or cream colored.

Behavior

  • They are omnivorous, eating both animal & plant material, with insect larvae forming a large part of their diet.
  • They have become accustomed to humans, thriving in semi-open agricultural areas, mixed woods, meadows & even urban areas.
  • In the fall, They feed voraciously, building up fat reserves for winter dormancy.
  • With the onset of cold weather, they seek out dens, becoming inactive for the winter.
  • Areas that provide dark secure hiding places such as under barns, utility sheds & porches are common denning sites.
  • Skunks may appear for short periods in winter during prolonged mild spells.
  • Mating occurs in late February & early March when males become active, leaving their dens in search of females.

Life Cycle

  • Females produce 5 kits on average with the young being born in late April or May after a gestation period of 62 days.
  • Within a month, the females & young can be seen actively foraging for food.

Control

  • They can be trapped at entrances of known denning sites or trapped about their feeding areas.
  • A wooden box trap with a wire mesh end is ideal to control.
  • They caught in box traps can be safely moved if caution is taken to avoid shaking the trap.
  • Wire mesh traps must be carefully covered with a cloth material before moving it.

Certification & Achivement
CPMA - ACGP
National pest managements association member international
SPMAO
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Address: Imperial Pest Control Inc.
3938 Cottrelle Blvd P.O. Box 80090
Brampton, ON L6P 2W7
Telephone:  (416) 837-1820
E-mail: info@imperialpestcontrol.ca

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